Homeschooling and Higher Education. ERIC Digest.
Publication Date: 2003
Author: Wood, Patricia
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education
Homeschooling and Higher Education. ERIC Digest.
As a result of the recent growth of homeschooling in the US, colleges and universities have received an increasing number of application from home-schooled students. Admissions offices have found it necessary to assess whether and how their admissions requirements should be modified to allow fair review of the credentials submitted by homeschooled students. As yet, relatively few applicants are homeschooled and limited information is available on college and university policies.
Although it is impossible to determine the exact number of homeschooled children in the U.S., most estimates confirm growing numbers. Five to ten years ago, researchers estimated that there were 5000,000 to 1 million students in home-based education programs in the U.S. (Cohen, 2000). Findings from the Spring 1999, Parent Survey of the National Household Education Survey (Parent-NHES) estimated that 850,000 students nationwide were being homeschooled. In 1999, this was 1.7 percent of U.S. students ages 5 to 17 in the grade equivalents of K-12. Eighty-two percent of the homeschoolers were schooled at home only, while 18 percent were also enrolled in public or private schools part-time (Bielick, 2001).
According to the Parent-NHES, the majority of homeschoolers are white.
Apart from this survey evidence, several small-scale research studies offer perspective on the college-going experience of this first generation of home-schooled children. Rudner (1999) authored a peer-reviewed journal article that presents the results of the largest survey and testing program for homeschooling students to date and Galloway (1995) has prepared a paper on homeschoolers' academic preparation. Other information has been prepared by the National Center for Home Education and the Home School Legal Defense Association, two organizations that seek to advance homeschooling.
ARE HOMESCHOOLERS PREPARED FOR COLLEGE?
Toch (as quoted in Galloway, 1995), estimates that 50% of homeschooled children
HOMESCHOOLERS AND COLLEGE ADMISSION
Most colleges have received applications from homeschooled students and have
FINANCIAL AID AND HOMESCHOOLERS
Because of regulatory requirements tied to student financial aid, some colleges and
In June, 2002, Rep. Howard P. (Buck) McKeon introduced a bill (HR4866) that clarified that homeschooled students would not have to obtain a GED or pass any other standardized tests that college use to determine a student's "ability to benefit" from college. The measure was defeated on the House floor, but college officials expect the issue to re-emerge when lawmakers draft legislation in Fall 2003 to renew the Higher Education At (Morgan, 2003).
HOW DO HOMESCHOOLERS FARE IN COLLEGE?
Current evidence indicates that homeschoolers' college academic performance is
ADDITIONAL READING ABOUT HOMESCHOOLING AND HIGHER EDUCATION
Home-Schooled Students & College Admission: Your Unique Approach to the Process.
And What About College? How Homeschooling Leads to Admissions to the Best
College Admissions Policies. Good News: Homeschooler-friendly Colleges
The National Center for Home Education: Rating Colleges & Universities by their Home School Admission Policies http://www.hslda.org/docs/nche/000002/00000231.asp
Patrick Henry College, the First Postsecondary Institution for Homeschooled Students
Bielick, S.; Chandler, K.; and Broughman, S. (2001). Homeschooling in the United
Cloud, J. and Morse, J. (2001, Aug. 27). Home Sweet School. Time Magazine.
Cohen, C. (2000). Happily Homeschooling Teens: HIgh School Requirements and
Foster, J. (2000). Home Schoolers Score Highest on ACT. WorldNetDaily. Retrieved July 21, 2003, from http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE ID=17950
Galloway, R. (1995, April). Home Schooled Adults: Are They Ready for College? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA (ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED 384 297)
Klicka, C.J. (2002, May 31). Home Schooled Students Excel in College. Retrieved July 21, 2003 from the Home School Legal Defense Association website at
Morgan, R. (2003, Jan. 17). A Growing Force: In Fight for Federal Student Aid,
Patrick Henry College Opens for Home Schoolers (2000, Summer). Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 28.52.
Rudner, L.M. (1999, March). Scholastic Achievement and Demographic Characteristics of Home School Students in 1998. Education Policy Analysis Archives, Vol. 7, No. 8. Retrieved June 5, 2003 from http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v7n8/
Schnaiberg, L. (1999, March 31). Study Finds Home Schoolers Are Top Achievers on tests. Education Week on the Web. Retrieved July 20, 2003 from
Sutton, J. and Galloway, R. (2000). College Success of Students from Three High
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