ERIC Identifier: ED399411
Publication Date: 1996-00-00
Author: Wagner, Judith O.
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse on
Adult Career and Vocational Education Columbus OH.
Wired: The Electronic Job Search. ERIC Digest No. 172.
"No doubt about it. Computer technology is spiriting us into an era when jobs
and people will find each other in high-speed and interactive ways we never
imagined five years ago." (Kennedy 1994, p. 43)
A search of the World Wide Web using the terms "job search" and "employment
opportunities" turns up an incredible number of sites that offer information on
everything from job banks to state employment services to the successful job
search to career planning services to resume development tips to every other
conceivable aspect of finding a job. This ERIC Digest discusses some of the
latest developments in the electronic job search--particularly on the World Wide
Web (WWW)--and describes some of the available resources and sites.
People find a job in a number of ways, including networking, visiting the
public library for information connected with the job search, taking advantage
of the resources of the state department of education, and looking at school
career centers (Wagner 1989). Contemporary job search strategies for college
students include starting early, getting experience, going directly to
employers, making job hunting a full-time job, and using all available networks
and connections (Imel 1994). These methods are still very effective, but a brand
new ingredient has been added to the mix--technology. The vast world of the
Internet provides another avenue for those looking for a job.
Dolan and Schumacher (1994) queried people on several Internet listservs
about finding jobs in the library and information science professions. Of the 35
who responded, 20 percent had found a job via the Internet. Respondents
indicated that the 'Net is a good job resource for automation or computer
specialists, that some positions are listed only on the 'Net, and that ads on
the 'Net usually come out in advance of print copy.
Most of the websites offer a variety of services, although a few are limited
to only one or two. Some are commercial and charge for their services; some are
public and/or do not. For general information about finding a job, searching the
web using the terms "job search," employment opportunities," or "resumes" will
lead to a myriad of resources. To locate information about specific positions,
it is more effective to do a keyword search being as specific as possible, e.g.,
"restaurant management" ("Cyberspace Help-Wanted" 1996).
Doing a job search on the Internet does not guarantee instant success.
However, it is a way to increase visibility by offering a resume to a much
larger audience than could otherwise be reached (Weiss 1996).
Many colleges and universities include postings of employment opportunities
on their web pages. Although most see this as a great advantage, others point
out the disadvantages of the electronic job search. Some employers list only
those positions that require experienced applicants--not the entry-level jobs.
Many of the disadvantages of doing a job search through newspapers--undesirable,
hard-to-fill positions; high turnover jobs; few middle-level jobs--are also
present in an online search (Wagner 1992). In addition, it is difficult to
authenticate the job sources--are they legitimate? Some discourage students from
putting their resumes on display because of the loss of control of personal
information (Levenson 1995).
"Technology promises many positive developments for the modern job seeker and
human resource professional. Alone, technology is not enough; coupled with
traditional methods of job hunting and recruiting, it can be a pillar of support
and an outstanding ally" (Kennedy and Morrow 1994, p. 43)
Websites and listservs come and go, and addresses and URLs (Uniform Resource
Locators) that are correct one day may disappear the next. A web search will
identify currently available sites. The list of websites, listservs, and
newsgroups that follows provides a starting point for those who are undertaking
an electronic job search.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT JOB OPENINGS
Department of Labor
1,800 state Employment Service offices. Provides job seekers with the largest
pool of active job opportunities available anywhere. Contains information on
approximately 250,000 jobs.
job search information, resume advice, interview tips, cover letter advice, and
links to other relevant sites.
job databases, employer-sponsored job information, professional organizations,
universities, Internet newsgroups, and links to other resources.
advice, resume tips, college links, links to international job opportunities,
online job fairs, and a career resource center.
newspaper employment ads from 17 major cities.
centers, colleges and universities, job search and industry information,
relocation resources, and professional associations.
DEFINITIVE GUIDE TO INTERNET CAREER RESOURCES
to hundreds of sites that have job offerings and information.
easy-to-use guide to online employment.
SEARCH AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: BEST BETS FROM THE NET
together the 'Net's best sources of job openings and career development
information. Includes a description and evaluation of each resource.
self-directed job search techniques and placement issues.
with college and university career centers and offers a job listing service used
by over 200,000 employers.
Occupational Information Coordinating Committee)
job search sites, career information, career counseling, and labor market
Occupational Information Network
and describes occupations, worker skills, knowledges, abilities, and workplace
requirements for jobs in all sectors of the economy.
SITES RELATED TO SPECIFIC OCCUPATIONS
a job directory, resume database, and a variety of forms.
OF HIGHER EDUCATION
information on job openings in academe.
positions for health care providers.
ASSISTANT AUTOMATED JOB SEARCH
process to locate clinical opportunities.
LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
RESUME INFORMATION AND POSTINGS
profiles, resume generator, internships, and a community message board.
free service that submits resume information to employers
SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE
and information science
COUNCIL OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
in library and information science, mostly in Ohio
LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
the members of the State Bar of Wisconsin and includes job listings.
available jobs with Oregon state government agencies.
CHARLES ADULT EDUCATION
listing and career and business information for the Canadian job market.
In addition to websites, there are a number of
Usenet newsgroups where people offer jobs, look for jobs, and post resumes. They
include the following:
Many of the jobs offered on newsgroups are listed by employment agencies and
"Cyberspace Help-Wanted Ads Multiply
Opportunities to Find Work." COLUMBUS DISPATCH, August 8, 1996, p. 3B.
Dolan, D. R., and Schumacher, John E. "Top U.S. Sources for an Online Job
Search." DATABASE 17, no. 5 (October-November 1994): 34-38, 40-43.
Imel, S. JOB SEARCH SKILLS FOR THE CURRENT ECONOMY. ERIC DIGEST NO. 150.
Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1994.
(ED 376 274)
Kennedy, J. "The Job Search Goes Computer." JOURNAL OF CAREER PLANNING AND
EMPLOYMENT 55, no. 1 (Fall 1994): 42-46.
Kennedy, J. L., and Morrow, T. J. ELECTRONIC JOB SEARCH REVOLUTION. New York:
Levenson, L. "High-Tech Job Searching." CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION 41, no.
44 (July 14, 1995), pp. A16-A17.
Wagner, J. LOCATING JOB INFORMATION. ERIC DIGEST NO. 85. Columbus: ERIC
Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1989. (ED 308 398)
Wagner, J. JOB SEARCH METHODS. ERIC DIGEST NO. 121. Columbus: ERIC
Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1992. (ED 346 318)
Weiss, A. "Grad Seeks Job." INTERNET WORLD 7, no. 9 (September 1996): 76-79.