ERIC Identifier: ED432775
Publication Date: 1999-00-00
Author: Ngeow, Karen Yeok-Hwa
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse
on Reading English and Communication Bloomington IN.
Online Resources for Parent/Family Involvement. ERIC Digest.
Research has shown with certainty that the more extensive the parent
involvement, the higher the student achievement (Henderson & Berla, 1994;
Olmstead & Rubin, 1982). Studies on parent involvement also indicate that
the most accurate predictor of a child's achievement in school is the extent to
which the child's family is able to (i) create an environment that encourages
learning; (ii) communicate high, yet reasonable, expectations for their
children's achievement and future careers; and (iii) become involved in their
children's education at school and within the community.
STANDARDS FOR PARENT/FAMILY INVOLVEMENT
Standards for Parent/Family Involvement Programs are guidelines to strengthen
parent and family involvement in schools and in the community. The six National
Standards are focused on issues of promoting effective communication and
participation in school-home-community partnerships, and supporting parenting
skills. Studies on parent involvement initiatives have identified several other
issues crucial to student success. First, the more parents participate in
schooling, in a sustained way, at every level - in advocacy, decision-making and
oversight roles, as fund-raisers and boosters, as volunteers and
para-professionals, and as home teachers - the better for student achievement
(Williams & Chavkin, 1989). Second, although most parents do not know how to
help their children with their education, with guidance and support, they may
become increasingly involved in home learning activities and find themselves
with opportunities to teach, to be models for and to guide their children
(Roberts, 1992). Finally, parents who are aware of diversity issues and
knowledgeable about school social environments can contribute greatly to their
children's social and academic growth (Griffith, 1997).
The Internet is becoming rapidly a primary
source from which families can gain access to an excellent array of home
learning materials. The information available on the web spans a wide range of
topics: safe use of the Internet; homework help, parent-children activities, and
research findings or publications on parent and family involvement.
GOALS AND RESOURCES
Based on reviews of the National
Standards for Parent/Family Involvement and of the literature on parent-school
involvement studies, we have identified five goals for parent involvement
ventures. Below is a brief discussion of the goals, followed by a description of
the online resources that can help parents and educators attain them.
To engage parents in technology practices that benefit their children, their
families, and their communities. Parents with technology know-how are more
likely to develop innovative ways to facilitate their children's learning and to
connect with teachers and communities.
Guide to the Internet
The Parents' Guide to the Internet is intended to help parents - regardless
of their level of technological know-how - effectively employ online resources
in their children's education. The guide provides parents with an introduction
to the Internet, instructions on how to navigate it, a glossary of common
Internet terminology, and suggestions on how parents can allow their children to
tap into the wonders of the Internet while safeguarding them from its potential
Children's Partnership: Children and Technology
The cornerstone of this site's parent involvement program is the publication
"The Parents' Guide to the Information Superhighway: Rules and Tools for
Families Online." Other information includes an article on "Connecting Community
Organizing with a Children's Agenda." Excerpts of the Parents' Guide have been
translated into Spanish and German.
To promote meaningful school-parent exchanges
Successful parent involvement programs use a variety of communication tools
to facilitate meaningful exchanges, for example, creating resources that contain
instructional tips for parents and activities for children to learn at home.
The Reading Village provides resources and information on the latest
research, standards, conferences, children's books, professional books, and
classroom resources. Of particular interest is its Special Needs section,
updated successful programs and practices, and a list of software titles highly
rated by educators for reading and language arts instruction.
National Parent Information Network
The National Parent Information Network (NPIN) is an Internet-based project
sponsored by ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center), and administered
by the Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education and the Clearinghouse on Urban
Education. Its many services include a question and answer service called
Parents AskERIC, full texts of parenting related materials, a Parenting-L
discussion list, resources for urban and minority families, and a bi-monthly
To raise awareness regarding the components of effective programs and family
Parents need to be knowledgeable about successful parent involvement
Involvement in Children's Education: Successful Local Approaches
This site contains in-depth profiles of 10 parent involvement programs in the
country and describes why and activities. These 10 local programs were selected
to highlight differing approaches to building successful school-family
Involvement: Literature Review and Database of Promising Practices
This is a resource provided by the North Central Regional Educational
Laboratory (NCREL). Parents can access a synthesis of research on parent
involvement and a database of promising parent involvement programs. Also
available are guidelines named The Keys to Success and contacts for exemplary
parent involvement programs.
The Kids Can Learn site is produced by the Family Learning Association whose
mission is to develop information services and materials for families who want
to promote the academic success of their children. They encourage the
development of attitudes and academic skills that gradually lead learners to
know how to set goals, find information, and use their analytical skills to
become lifelong learners. The site provides in-depth research on issues
important to parents, links to information on the Internet, and access to
resources for supplementing children's education.
To promote an understanding of cultural and linguistic diversity in
should prepare their children for meaningful learning experiences in culturally
and linguistically diverse settings.
Diversity and Early Education
This is a workshop report by the National Research Council. The report
addresses three issues: the roles culture plays in shaping children's earliest
learning experiences at home; how children's cultural and linguistic backgrounds
affect what they bring to school; and how instruction must vary to ensure
learning and motivation for children from differing linguistic and cultural
With Tough Issues Series: QuickTips(r) for Parents
QuickTips(r), from The Parent Institute, offers parent guidance in both
English and Spanish. Topics include Dealing with Substance Abuse, Dealing with
Student Stress, and Dealing with Tough Issues such as popularity, friendship
problems, and suicide prevention.
To encourage contributions to and collaborative efforts within the community
for Family Involvement in Education
The U.S. Department of Education's role in the Partnership is to provide a
network of support for the companies and organizations around the country
working to make education a community affair. The site introduces the concept of
four Partnership sectors: Family-School, Community Organizations, Religious
Groups, and Employers for Learning. Also included are A Four-Stage Plan for
Action to Begin an Active Business-Education Partnership and a current listing
of organizations involved in the Partnership.
Griffith, James. (1997). Student and parent
perceptions of school social environment. Elementary School Journal, 98, 2,
135-50. [EJ 554 406]
Henderson, A. T., & Berla, N. (1994). A new generation of evidence: The
family is critical to student achievement. St. Louis, MO: Danforth Foundation.
[ED 375 968]
Moles, O.C. (1993). Collaboration between schools and disadvantaged parents:
Obstacles and openings. In N. F. Chavkin (ed.), Families and schools in a
pluralistic society. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. [ED 367 449]
Olmstead, P. P., & Rubin, R. I. (1982). Linking parent behaviors to child
achievement: Four evaluation studies from the parent education follow-through
programs. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 8, 317-325. [EJ 284 839]
Roberts, Julia L. (1992). Parents can be mentors, too! Gifted Child Today,
15, 3, 36-38. [EJ 450 063]
Williams, D.L. & Chavkin, N.F. (1989). Essential elements of strong
parent involvement programs. Educational Leadership, 47, 18-20. [EJ 397 730]
Digest #140 is EDO-CS-99-01 and was published in August 1999 by the ERIC
Clearinghouse on Reading, English and Communication, 2805 E 10th Street,
Bloomington, IN 47408-2698, Telephone (812) 855-5847 or (800) 759-4723.