ERIC Identifier: ED438149
Publication Date: 1999-12-00
Author: Collins, Timothy - Hagerman, Robert
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools
Cultural Resources for Mexican American Education.
Even though Mexican Americans are the fastest growing ethnic group in
the U.S., their history and literature receive limited attention in schools.
Incorporating Mexican American culture and history into the curriculum
should help minimize cultural myopia characteristic of many students and
cultural alienation that frequently contributes to school failure by Mexican
American students (Escamilla, 1996). This Digest summarizes the contents
of a number of helpful resources, most of which are on-line, and includes
both academic and commercial sites.
1. Beginning Library Research on Chicano/Latino Studies
Stanford University Libraries has extensive collections on the historical
and contemporary experiences of Hispanic Americans, particularly Mexican
Americans. This site is designed primarily for the Stanford community,
but the bibliography of reference books might be quite helpful. The listings
are categorized by encyclopedias and handbooks, bibliographies, periodical
indexes, biographical resources, and statistical sources.
2. The Borderlands Encyclopedia
The Borderlands Encyclopedia is a Web-based multimedia instructional
resource on contemporary issues of the United States-Mexico border. It
is also available on CD-ROM. Content areas include culture and media, economics
and business, education and training, family life and population groups,
government and politics, and health and environment. This site also maintains
links to other resources.
3. The Center for Multilingual Multicultural Research
The center, located at the University of Southern California (USC),
focuses on four principal activities: research, publications, training,
and public service. Areas of interest include the USC Latino and Language
Minority Teacher Projects, bilingualism and English as a second language,
multiculturalism, and Latino/Hispanic resources.
4. Latin American Network Information Center--Mexico Reference Desk
This virtual reference desk from the University of Texas contains Web
links for a variety of sources related to Mexico: anthropology and archaeology;
arts and humanities; discussion groups; economy, finance, and trade; energy;
general; government and public administration; history; indigenous peoples;
magazines and periodicals; North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA);
network and information services; news; politics; popular culture; science
and technology; social movements; sports; states and cities; telecommunications;
and travel and tourism.
5. Rural Latino Resources: A National Guide. First Edition.
Rochin, Refugio I., and Emily Marroquin East Lansing: Michigan State
University. Julian Samora Research Institute, 1997. (ERIC Document Reproduction
Service No. ED 413 120)
This guide provides background information on rural Latinos and includes
brief profiles of 98 social scientists, researchers, and educators who
focus on the rural Latino population. Sections include:
* Information about the need to study rural Latinos, census data, distinctions
between rural and urban Mexican Americans, characteristics of farms owned
and operated by Latinos, issues of Latino population growth and concentration
in rural areas, employment and community development issues; Latino poverty,
Mexican immigration, population distribution, age, educational attainment,
* Contact information and descriptions of work by the 98 specialists,
listed alphabetically. Areas of specialty include agriculture and natural
resources, the arts, demography, development, national and regional U.S.
studies, economics, education, geography, health and medicine, history,
labor, Latin America, migration and immigration, outreach, policy and politics,
poverty, research methods, science and technology, social sciences, sociology,
and rural groups other than Latinos.
* Descriptions of 44 organizations that focus on rural and Latino issues.
* Publications and other work produced by 68 of the rural Latino resource
* Publications about agriculture, farm labor, immigration, migrant education
and health services, and rural poverty.
1. Chicana! About the PBS Series
Chicano! History of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement aired
nationwide in 1996. In four one-hour programs, this public television series
examines pivotal events concerning land, labor, education, and political
empowerment that took place between 1965 and 1975, the period of the Mexican
American civil rights movement in the United States. This site contains
a series-related resources page, including photos and descriptions of the
Chicano! videos, teaching and resource guide, and other materials. The
biography page has information and pictures of key people from Chicano!,
and the time line provides an in-depth look at Mexican American and American
2. Del Corazon!
The National Museum of American Art and the Texas Education Network
have partnered to produce del Corazon!, an interactive Web-based magazine
that draws on the museum's rich Latino art collection. A distinctive graphic
icon identifies each of its four main topics: artists, activities, themes,
and comments. Each issue features the work of several Latino artists, along
with audio and video clips. K-12 curricular activities are included, but
teachers are encouraged to use the materials provided to create their own
lessons and activities. Teachers can draw upon the various themes that
run throughout the artwork.
3. Latino Resources at the Smithsonian
This quick-reference on-line brochure has links to each Smithsonian
facility. The links briefly describe each museum or office as well as the
Hispanic, Latino, Latin American, Spanish, and Portuguese facets of its
collections, research, programs, opportunities, products, and services.
4. Mexico Student Teacher Resource Center
This site posts research on Mexican history. Its main users are high
school and college students looking for information for papers. The site
is organized into various categories: Cortes, the Revolution, the Aztec,
Diaz, French intervention, graphics, and research help. It also includes
a message board and a conference/meetings calendar.
5. "Incorporatiing Mexican American History and Culture into the Social
Kathy Escamilla, Chapter 16 in: Children of La Frontera: Binational
Efforts To Serve Mexican Migrant and Immigrant Students. Charleston, WV:
ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, 1996. (ERIC Document
Reproduction Service No. ED 393 631)
This chapter recommends elementary/middle and high school history texts
and resources to use in finding Mexican American and multicultural literature.
Literature to supplement historical topics includes historical fiction;
folk tales and legends; and materials that cover contemporary culture,
ordinary people, the changing status of women, biographies of famous Mexican
Americans, and resistance to bias and discrimination.
6. Mexico, Universidad De Guadalajara
This Spanish-language site provides links to a variety of Mexican resources,
including art, history, science, and religion.
7. Virtual Forum of Mexican Culture
This site is a showcase of Mexican culture in both English and Spanish,
with galleries featuring anthropology, archaeology, and contemporary and
modern art. It also includes cultural institutions, such as museums, galleries,
libraries, and contemporary dance companies, as well as photography, literature,
a writer's dictionary, cultural projects, and books.
1. Bilingual Review/Press
The Bilingual Review/Press has published the works of Hispanic writers
since 1974. Although the press features some bilingual and Spanish-only
titles, most books are by or about U.S. Hispanics, and most are written
in English. In addition to new works, classics of Chicana and Chicano fiction
are available through the Clasicos Chicanos/Chicano Classics imprint. The
site does not offer on-line ordering.
2. Center for the Study of Books in Spanish for Children and Adolescents
The center, located at California State University, San Marcos, provides
links to publishers and a search engine for Spanish-language books for
toddlers through 12th graders. The center sponsors an annual conference
and holds summer reading workshops, which can be taken for college credit.
3. Cinco Puntos Press
Cinco Puntos Press publishes books for children and adults, including
fiction, nonfiction, and poetry.
CURRENT EVENTS/POPULAR CULTURE
1. Hispanic/Latino News Service
The Hispanic/Latino News Service (HLNS) is a bilingual Web site that
provides daily updates of Latino news and that features opinions, interviews,
and links for Hispanics. Every morning, the HLNS editor visits about 60
on-line media outlets looking for news pertinent to the Latino community.
The editor then writes a one-paragraph summary of the news item and adds
a link to the source material.
2. Hispanic Online
This commercial site offers the Latino community chat rooms, events,
issues of interest, message boards, and news. It is owned by HISPANIC Magazine,
a monthly for and about Latinos with a national circulation of 250,000.
There are numerous links to cultural sites, including visual and performing
arts; history and ethnicity; and literature and books. Latino entertainment
links include comedy and humor, movies with Latino actors or themes, music,
and television. Religious links include sites on the Virgin Mary, churches,
and religious education. Media links provide access to magazines, radio,
and television, with a separate section for newspapers.
LatinoLink is a commercial Web site with a popular focus. The student
resources section's Hispanic heritage page contains links to articles on
indigenous heritage, European and African roots, and diversity. It also
has information about scholarships, internships, travel abroad, and mentorships.
The arts and entertainment section lists links related to art, books, culture,
television, music, dance, movies, and theater.