ERIC Identifier: ED456456
Publication Date: 2001-09-00
Author: Stroup, R. Stephen
Source: ERIC Clearinghouse on
Reading English and Communication Bloomington IN.
Online Resources for K-12 Teachers: Language and Literacy
Education. ERIC Digest.
The use of online resources in education has grown rapidly since the late
1990s. A survey (Wujcik, 2000) investigating Internet use among 30,200 public
schools in the United States during the school year 1999-2000 revealed that 94%
of America's elementary and secondary schools have Internet access. In addition,
more than 60% of schools report that their teachers make use of the Internet for
instructional purposes (Wujcik, 2000). In response to this educational trend, we
have selected a list of online resources we believe most likely to help
educators plan and design their curriculum. Preparation of this Digest began
with a retrospective review of language arts-related questions received over the
last five years by the Reference Staff of the ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading,
English, and Communication. Six categories of frequently asked questions were
then defined: (1) professional organizations, (2) national research and
development centers and other federally funded projects, (3) listservs and
online discussion groups, (4) online journals, (5) children's literature, and
(6) lesson plans. Finally, using Guidelines for Evaluating Web sites (Abdullah,
1998), we selected the following web sites for each of these categories.
1. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION
In this section, we highlight web sites that inform educators of issues and
news in the field of language and literacy education, and that also provide a
variety of resources teachers can use to advance their careers and skills.
Reading Association (IRA)
in 1956, the International Reading Association seeks to promote the following
three goals: (1) promoting high levels of literacy for all by improving the
quality of reading instruction through studying the reading processes and
teaching techniques, (2) serving as a clearinghouse for the dissemination of
reading research through conferences, journals, and other publications, and (3)
actively encouraging the lifetime reading habit.
Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
National Council of Teachers of English has been dedicated to improving the
teaching and learning of English and the language arts at all levels of
education since its creation in 1911. It provides a forum for the profession, an
array of opportunities for teachers to continue their professional growth
throughout their careers, and a framework for cooperation in dealing with issues
that affect the teaching of English.
Reading Conference (NRC)
is a professional organization for individuals who share an interest in reading
research and the dissemination of information about literacy and literacy
2. NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS AND OTHER
FEDERALLY FUNDED PROJECTS
Several national research and development centers inform
educators of current policies and legislation related to language arts
instruction. The researchers in these institutions conduct studies that support
government efforts to promote literacy development for all.
for the Improvement of Early Reading Achievement (CIERA)
mission is to improve the early reading achievement of American children by
generating and disseminating theoretical, empirical, and practical solutions to
persistent problems in the learning and teaching of beginning reading.
on English Learning and Achievement (CELA)
is a national center funded by the U.S. Department of Education to conduct
research dedicated to gaining knowledge to improve students' English and
literacy achievement in schools across America.
Reading Panel (NRP)
NRP was established in 1997 at the request of Congress to convene a national
panel to assess the effectiveness of different approaches used to teach children
Reading Pathfinder (RP)
Reading Pathfinder is funded by the U.S. Department of Education. It identifies
and presents resources that answer the literacy-related questions of parents and
educators working with children.
3. LISTSERVES AND ONLINE DISCUSSION GROUPS
Listservs and online discussion groups provide educators with a vehicle for
exchanging teaching ideas as well as gaining new information and resources from
on English Learning & Achievement Discussion Board
discussion board addresses students' abilities to read and write well, to think
about the information they receive from any source, and to then communicate
their knowledge and thoughts to others.
Forums: Online Discussion Boards
forums provide parents and educators a site on which to discuss today's
important issues with other supporters of opportunities for literacy development
for America's children.
site hosts a number of email lists from NCTE. Many of them are specialized,
created for use by small groups focused on particular tasks and projects.
4. ONLINE JOURNALS
Free online journals provide ready access for educators who are interested in
advancing their profession, understanding the most current research trends, and
putting theory into practice.
of Literacy Research (JLR)
of Literacy Research, published quarterly by National Reading Conference, is an
interdisciplinary journal publishing research related to literacy, language, and
schooling from preschool through adulthood.
joint venture between Faculties of Education at Queen's University, Kingston,
Ontario and the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Language and Literacy
is an on-line journal for educators interested in a broad range of literacy
issues en-compassing research and teaching in multimedia, print, and oracy.
Online is a peer-reviewed journal published by the International Reading
Association about K-12 practice and research in the field of reading and
Threshold Project provides online access to articles about the language arts,
literacy practice, theory, research and a vast array of other subjects that have
appeared in NCTE journals.
5. CHILDREN'S LITERATURE
Children's literature plays a critical role in the language arts curriculum.
Sipe (1997) argues that children's literature can serve as a tool for developing
a variety of literacy abilities as well as the enabler for literary
understanding. The web site below is developed and maintained by the reference
staff at ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and Communication to help
teachers design literature-based curriculum and also advance their knowledge in
the field of children's literature.
Literature Online Resources
ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading, English, and Communication, this site provides
collections of links including the following categories: (1) Authors and
Illustrators, (2) Resources for Writing and Illustrating Children's Books, (3)
Book Prizes, (4) Book Reviews, (5) Lesson Plans; (6) Organizations,
Associations, and Societies, (7) Individual Homepages on Children's and
Adolescent Literature, (8) Publishers and Children's Bookstores, (9) Online
Children's Stories, (10) Online Children's Magazines, (11) Online Journals on
Children's Literature, (12) Special Library Collections, (13) Syllabi on
Teaching Children's and Adolescent Literature, and (14) Online Discussion
6. LESSON PLANS AND TEACHING METHODS
A survey, entitled "Hot Spots: Picks of Language Arts Websites" (Lu &
Abdullah, 1999), investigated the information needs of educators in the United
States. It found that the most useful web sites are those providing an array of
practical teaching ideas and methods.
For this section, we selected three web sites that provide lesson plan ideas
and materials for learners of different age groups that will meet teachers'
Lesson Plans and Resources
is a personalized internet-based service providing education information to
teachers, librarians, counselors, administrators, parents, and anyone interested
in education throughout the United States and the world.
Gateway to Educational Materials: Language Arts Lesson Plans
Gateway to Educational Materials is a consortium dedicated to providing
educators with quick and easy access to thousands of educational resources found
on various federal, state, university, non-profit, and commercial Internet
School Library Media Center's English/Language Arts Lesson Plans
by James Madison University, this page linking to more than forty English
language arts lesson plan sites focuses on specific topics for teachers, school
librarians, and college students. A comprehensive list of online resources for
language arts teachers can be found at the following web site: Literacy
Education Resources-Early Childhood to High School.
Abdullah, M. H. (1998). Guidelines for
evaluating web sites. Bloomington, IN: ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading, English,
and Communication. [ED 426 440]
Lu, M.-Y., & Abdullah, M. H. (1999, May). Hot spots: Picks of Language
arts web sites. Paper presented at the 44th Annual Meeting of the International
Reading Association, San Diego, CA
Sipe, L. R. (1997). Children's literature, literacy, a literary
understanding. Journal of Children's Literature, 23 (3), 6-19. [EJ 567 299]
Wujcik, Anne (November 14, 2000). The Technology in education 2000: Nation's
K-12 schools make major gains in technology. Retrieved August 17, 2001, from
Market Data Retrieval. http://www.schooldata.com/reports.html#tech99 [ED 448